Cancer is a general term. There are more than 200 forms of this disease, including breast, colon, lung and prostate cancer.
Simply put, cancer is caused by the uncontrolled growth of cells. Under normal conditions, cell reproduction is carefully controlled by the body. However, controls can malfunction. This results in abnormal cell growth and the development of a lump, mass, or tumor. Some cancers involve the blood or blood-forming organs and do not form tumors.
This year, more than 1.6 million new cancer cases will be diagnosed. Cancer is an equal opportunity disease, impacting people of all ages, genders, and races. Globally, about 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer
There is a wide range of cancer treatments. Just like our patients, no two cancers are exactly alike. Different cancers respond differently to treatments, which is why we personalize your care to treat your specific condition. https://www.texasoncology.com/cancer-and-blood-disorders/cancer-types
Lung cancer is characterized by the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both of the lungs. The majority of lung cancers begin in the bronchial tubes that conduct air in and out of the lungs.
Breast cancer is a common cancer, with more than 232,000 new cases diagnosed in the United States each year.1 The disease occurs most frequently in women, but can also occur in men.
Colorectal cancer, also known as bowel cancer, colon cancer, or rectal cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine). A cancer is the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
The prostate is a male sex gland responsible for producing fluid that forms semen. It is located below the bladder, in front of the rectum and surrounds the urethra. The prostate is divided into three zones enclosed by a capsule. The prostate capsule separates the prostate from the rest of the body.
Skin cancer generally develops in the epidermis. The three main types of cells in the epidermis are squamous cells, basal cells, and melanocytes. Squamous cells form a flat layer of cells at the top of the epidermis.
The liver can be affected by primary liver cancer, which arises in the liver, or by cancer which forms in other parts of the body and then spreads to the liver. Most liver cancer is secondary , meaning it started elsewhere in the body.